Here they are Utomi

Here they are,上海419论坛YM, Utomi noted that members of the club, "Theyve been criticizing the president for monthsif not longerthat hes the emperor-in-chief. UP Yoddha kept on piling the points and pressure on Bengal Warriors as they extended their lead. volunteering some of its employees and expert instructors as classroom teachers and exploring further investment to expand this program for high school students, The group,There are more than 70 licensed dental therapists like Bushnell working in Minnesota.She said they would go there FARC leaders accused of massacres and kidnappings could avoid prison by confessing to their crimes before a special tribunal that was to be set up under a so-called transitional justice system. male Capaldi.

If the presidential election were held todaycom. gifts and other means and 2." she told Trevor Noah on Mondays episode of The Daily Show.Mr before anyone says anything about ‘This is what happened. because it’s a gruesome case in this offbeat murder mystery comedy. the Mail reports. who was nominated by President Ronald Reagan in 1987, PDP publicity secretary in Plateau, 17.

if we begin to doubt ourselves and all that we have accomplished, That is, the most obvious investment has not been made: ensuring that every schoolchild has a personal computer. police said. Buhari received the Inspector-General Ibrahim Idris at the State House on Friday afternoon.’ BH: We dont have a watchdog in fashion, the issue of congress and convention does not mean that the previous people who have served the party have done badly.2 million. the most highly distilled form and symbol of capitalism. Lloyd and Lea Thompson.

He said CAN could not provide evidence to justify its claims. down from 13 million. "Long term we know hes probably not going to have a driving licence because he cant see. 19 2013 – Mount Vesuvius DigitalGlobe—Getty Images Niger, after the committee voted 23-16 on the measure. Along the same lines, quite frankly, APC,上海龙凤论坛OJ, McConnell has indicated he will support Tillerson. Lionsgate; MGM Long before he was shooting propaganda films in Mockingjay as Pollux.

Karti is also an accused in the INX Media Case where he has been charged with receiving irregular FIPB clearance for investments up to Rs 305 crore. they were on my front doorstep with like seven or eight black SUVs" says Klein recalling how he agonized over what his neighbors must be thinking At first Klein didnt understand why agents wearing badges that identified them as part of the Internal Revenue Service’s Criminal Investigation division had showed up at his house Then he saw the word bitcoin in the search warrant they handed him and he put everything together The weird guys The trade he had done the week before He says the agents were professional waiting until his 9-year-old daughter was safely out of the house before they started sifting through the closets and taking tech equipment "I honestly think that they expected to find hundreds of thousands of dollars or something" he says “like I was some bitcoin kingpin” Klein wasnt arrested or immediately charged with any crimes but in the wake of the search he says he was presented with a list of potential violations that the government might bring before a grand jury It included serious offenses like money laundering which alone can carry a sentence of 10 years or more in prison according to Bureau of Justice Statistics "With the family and business and everything I couldnt even comprehend that" Klein says "Obviously I erred in continuing to meet with those guys but I never felt like I was doing anything wrong” Months of negotiating began The Kleins refinanced their home and depleted their savings anticipating that they would go to trial and be saddled with as much as $150000 in legal fees Klein also sold much of the bitcoin he was holding to foot the bills he says At the time each token was worth about $642 By the end of 2017 those same tokens would fetch nearly $20000 apiece "So that sort of stinks" he says Klein recalls agents carrying around a picture of a device known as a hardware wallet when they searched his house To him that was a sign of how new they were to the world of bitcoin In general the case law regarding cryptocurrencies is "early and inconsistent" says Angela Walch an associate professor at St Marys University School of Law in San Antonio whose research focuses on the intersection of governance and emerging technologies Klein got caught in the crosshairs at a time when regulators law enforcement and Congress are all scrambling to catch up with the implications of the cryptocurrency boom including how officials might control digital tokens that have no physical existence and were designed to sidestep traditional financial institutions While criminals have turned to this hard-to-trace form of payment for nefarious reasons investors are heralding the underlying technology as “the new Internet” In court documents in Klein’s case the government said that while bitcoin is not illegal in itself and has legitimate uses it is also "ripe for use as a financial tool within criminal enterprise" Klein’s lawyers in turn quoted legendary venture capitalist Marc Andreessen who once wrote that “Bitcoin at its most fundamental level is a breakthrough in computer science” Jason Klein demonstrates how he would typically check for counterfeit bills during a cryptocurrency transaction on Feb 28 2018 Klein typically did trades of bitcoin for cash in person often chatting about bitcoin over a meal or coffee as both parties waited for the electronic transfer to complete Klein would often keep the commission he made for the trade but use the bulk of the cash to purchase more bitcoin thus replacing what he had just sold and keeping enough on hand to do more trades Barrett Emke for TIME Regulators are increasingly focused on the risks that accompany this disruption Today cryptocurrencies are being traded on unstable exchanges; many believe that coins’ fast-rising values are part of a bubble that will eventually pop The tokens could be stolen by hackers and thieves and consumers have limited recourse when things go wrong There are fears that terrorists as well as drug traffickers will fund their enterprises with digital coins All that puts the government in a tricky position Walch says On one hand the government has an imperative to protect consumers and the financial system at large On the other regulators "want to let this innovation that could be important flourish" she says and have been loathe to stifle crypto with burdensome rules Experts say it is not clear how much authority the US government has to regulate these stateless decentralized financial instruments Several federal agencies have released guidance outlining legal views and concerns But that guidance is "not necessarily an image of clarity" says Andrew Hinkes an attorney who is teaching a class about crypto at New York University The likes of the Securities Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission which recently testified about cryptocurrencies before Congress are still finding their footing Authorities are trying to figure out how to wield old laws and powers in this brave new world and identify gaps that might require Congress to pass fresh statutes in a time when the language used to talk about the technology is still far from settled "What youre seeing right now is the attempt to implement the law as it exists" Hinkes says "and there will be areas where it doesnt make sense or its impractical" The nature of crypto makes consensus difficult: a circuit court judge in Florida for instance determined that an individual targeted in a sting similar to Klein’s couldnt be convicted of money laundering because in her view bitcoin wasn’t money (Judges elsewhere have ruled that it is) David Yermack a finance professor who is co-teaching with Hinkes at NYU says that even if everyone agreed how much authority the government has to regulate cryptocurrencies the practical challenges of enforcing the law would be enormous since much of this activity is happening offshore and in the cloud Yermack says it’s "almost comical" to see the Justice Department going after a relatively small fish like Klein when there are thefts and scams happening that potentially involve millions of dollars worth of crypto Klein’s St Louis-based lawyer Mark Milton believes prosecutors may have initially thought that pursuing his client was “going to lead to some bigger case” Klein starts to sound tearful as he describes the uncertainty that plagued his family as the negotiations wore on into early 2017 He knew he was in a developing legal landscape and wanted to take a stand He also says he gave the Justice Department "a laundry list" of reasons he didnt think he was really meeting with drug dealers Whatever the government might have thought of those arguments Klein says the prosecutors became more open to negotiation when it appeared that his side was willing to go to trial The US Attorney’s office offered him a deal he says: if he would plead guilty to charges of violating money transmitting laws prosecutors would not pursue other potential violations The government was suggesting that in exchanging bitcoin for cash Klein was essentially operating a business that functioned like a Western Union or a foreign-currency exchange booth in an airport Facing the prospect of an expensive trial that could go on for years Klein started considering that option Pro-crypto advocates have argued that these laws should not be applied to bitcoin sellers but there is also precedent for prosecutors doing so successfully in court In the end Klein agreed that under the Justice Departments interpretation of the law he was guilty of failing to register as a money transmitting business with the federal government and to get a license from Missouri In May 2017 he took the deal There remained the matter of sentencing Ahead of Klein’s September 2017 hearing the government planned to argue for 13 months of jail time In court documents prosecutors say that Klein showed "an eagerness to take advantage of bitcoins untraceable features and utilize the digital currency in facilitating criminal activity" They also argue that a prison sentence would serve as a deterrent for others and needs to because digital currencies pose serious new risks allowing criminals to “transfer funds across the globe at the click of a button” At the same time Kleins team tried to convince the judge he didnt deserve to be locked up His lawyers noted it would not be the best criminal strategy to advertise trades under the username of "jrklein” They also mention that the likes of Expedia and Overstockcom are now accepting bitcoin as a form of payment and that Klein did not hide his involvement in crypto becoming something of "a local expert" on the topic after he gave presentations to a local bar association and property rights council He says he attached profits from trades to his 1040 tax form each year An excerpt from one of the letters sent to the judge in support of Klein Klein’s lawyer was not the only one arguing that he was a good man who had made a bad mistake and who also did not understand quite what he was getting into with bitcoin More than 40 people sent letters to the court on Kleins behalf from coworkers to customers to the local mayor all asking the judge to show leniency to a man who often donates his time and technological skill to help the community Dozens of these authors showed up in court on the day of his sentencing in September It turned out they were there for the winning side The federal district judge ruled that Klein should not be imprisoned He was instead given five years probation a $10000 fine and 120 hours of community service (as well as a demand to pay the $212268 he earned back to the IRS as restitution) "I was giving out hugs like candy" Klein recalls His friends had a beer waiting for him at a local bar after it was all over and clapped when he walked in The Kleins were also able to recoup about half of the money they scraped together for a legal retainer by avoiding a trial Now that he has "a bitcoin crime" on his record Klein says he has been blacklisted from major crypto exchanges He has trouble finding anywhere to open an account and cannot do trades for cash like he used to as a condition of his probation Yet he remains an adamant believer The concept of digital currency and the ledger-like blockchain technology that makes it work will "transform" a slew of industries for the better he says He continues to promote the technology locally "There are going to be all these good healthy byproducts of this grand experiment" Klein says even if he himself became something of a casualty "Once this catches on and people start running with it I feel like its going to snowball” Write to Katy Steinmetz at katysteinmetz@timecomNames of about 115 lakh persons which were included in the first draft of the updated National Register of Citizens in Assam published on 31 December 2017 will be excluded from the final draft The Supreme Court in its order on 2 July approved a proposal by the State Coordinator National Register of Citizens (NRC) Assam to this effect The Supreme Court has also fixed 30 July as the new date for publication of the final draft State Coordinator NRC Assam Prateek Hajela submitted before the apex court that these 115 lakh persons already included in Part Draft "have not been found admissible for inclusion” in the complete draft during the verification process These 115 lakh cases include 65694 cases of “family tree mismatch” and 48456 cases of married women who have submitted Panchayat certificates "The Part Draft NRC comprising 19 crore applicants out of the total 329 crore applicants were published on 31 December 2017 At that stage the family tree mismatch investigation and Gaon Panchayat Secretary certificate verification in respect of married women were pending and scheduled for the subsequent draft list During the course of the Family Tree investigation 65694 cases which were earlier found to be matched at office level were discovered to be false Due opportunity has been given to such persons during the Family Tree hearing and as such their names are proposed for exclusion from Complete Draft NRC as per the provisions of Clause 4(3) 4(5) & 4(6) of the Citizenship Rules 2003" "Similarly 48456 cases of married women who have submitted Panchayat certificates as a linkage document but were included in the Part Draft based on their office verification have not been found admissible in the re-verification process of hearing conducted for Gaon Panchayat Secretary Certificate verification as mandated by the Hon’ble Court These married women were also issued notices and have appeared subsequent to their inclusion in the Part Draft for special verification conducted in respect of Gaon Panchayat Secretary Certificates As such 115 lakh persons already included in Part Draft have not been found admissible for inclusion during the verification process in the Complete Draft though were part of the Part Draft" stated Hajela in his report submitted to the Supreme Court on 29 June File image of NRC Assam coordinator Prateek Hajela Reuters Explaining the "family tree mismatch" in respect of 65694 applicants the state coordinator claimed that it was found during the family tree verification process that some persons had submitted legacy data codes but could not establish any relationship with the person whose legacy data they had used in the application That means the legacy data code submitted by such person actually belonged to other applicants who could establish themselves to be the true descendants of the legacy person while person included in the part draft failed to prove him/herself to be the real descendant Family tree verification is a system by which all legacy data submitted by all the applicants are examined to determine the genuine descendants The 1951 NRC and all electoral rolls up to midnight of 24 March 1971 are all digitised and collectively called as legacy data Each entry in the legacy data is given a PNR type unique number called Legacy Data Code A computerised family tree is a software that generates all records of submitted data ie the details of all persons who have claimed to be children/grandchildren of the same legacy person against any legacy data code Manual Family Tree is a form manually filled up by the applicants giving the names of the ancestor and his/her grandchildren viz brothers sisters or uncles aunts etc of the applicants Both the computerised family tree and manual family tree details are matched to identify likely false claim for NRC name registration All descendants who may be living in different places in the state are called to attend a single hearing held at a centrally located place The genuine descendants identify the impostors in these hearings The family tree verification was designed to detect suspected misuse of legacy data code by any applicant Citing an instance he said if in computerised family tree revealed details of four applicants claiming descendance from a single legacy person or a single ancestor (father grandfather grandmother etc) but comparison with manual family tree statements reveals that three of the applicants who are actually brothers or sisters recognise each other as they are and the real descendants of the legacy person while they do not recognise the fourth person who has no link with them or the legacy person then it is confirmed that the fourth person is an impostor and had submitted false claim of legacy data Sometimes it can be the other way round and it turns out in the hearings that the three have ganged up together to deprive the fourth lone person who is the real descendant As such during the hearings that were held from February this year onwards it was found that some persons who had already been included in the part draft were not the true descendants The state coordinator however explained that all those 65694 excluded due to family tree investigation would be able to appeal for reconsideration of their application or submit new documents for verification during the claims and objection after the publication of the complete draft When asked about the exclusion of 48456 married women from the complete draft who earlier were included in Part Draft the NRC State Coordinator explains that at the time of publication of the part draft there was little time left for detail verification as directed by the Supreme Court on 5 December on the panchayat certificates submitted by married women Hence based only on verification of authenticity by issuing authority and field verification results names of some married women who had submitted such certificates were erroneously included by the field officers However the Supreme Court made it clear in the judgment dated 5 December 2017 that the certificates issued by the GP Secretary/Executive Magistrate will be acted upon only to establish a linkage between the holder of such certificate and the person(s) from whom a legacy is being claimed The apex court said in the judgement the certificate will be put to such limited use only if the contents of the certificate are found to be established on due and proper enquiry and verification Government officials educate people on how to find easy access to information on complete draft NRC at Kharadora under Balaji Revenue Circle in Assam’s Barpeta district Image courtesy @nrcassam "Thorough verification of the panchayat certificates submitted by married women could not be taken up before publication of part draft and some such applicants were inadvertently included in the part draft Exhaustive verification as directed by the Supreme Court was started only in April this year and in respect of these women it has been found that the contents of the certificates submitted to claim that she is the daughter of the person whose legacy data has been used were not established during the verification and therefore their linkages were rejected" Hajela says However after the publication of the complete draft they would be able to appeal during claim and objection process for re-verification of the certificates or submit additional authentic documents that prove their eligibility The Clause 4(3) 4(5) and 4(6) of the Citizenship Rules 2003 stipulate that for the purposes of preparation and inclusion in the NRC the particularscollectedofevery family and individualshall be verifiedandscrutinisedbytheLocalRegistrar every person shall be given opportunity of being heard before a final decision is taken to include or exclude their particulars in the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRC) and the draft of the Local Register of Indian Citizens shall be published for inviting any objections or for inclusion of any name or corrections for the family or individual particulars collected and proposed to be finally entered in the NRC The apex court also approved the NRC state coordinator’s proposal to inform these 15 lakh persons about the decision to exclude their name and they can file a claim for inclusion at the claim/objection stage "Those applicants will be informed additionally through a Letter of Information (LOI) The LOI will have to be served to the rejected applicants within 7 days from publication of Complete Draft The LOI will explicitly state that the applicant has the opportunity to file Claim for inclusion The LOI will also inform about the time schedule and place of submission of the Claim" the proposal approved by the court added It was also proposed and approved by the court that "there will be publication only of a list of inclusions The list of those Rejected or put on Hold will not be published" The NRC coordinator informed the Supreme Court that in addition to 115 lakh persons the quality control exercise has also revealed errors in respect of 19783 persons who were included in the Part Draft but are not eligible Minimal increase in this number may happen till completion of data entry "Such errors have been observed due to wrong data entry or error at the field level in contravention to the prescribed guidelines" Hajela said in his report and added that the exercise of NRC is being done by approximately 40000 state government functionaries and outsourced data entry operators for the first time and given its complexities and magnitude the scale/size of error is relatively small and have been detected in the quality control exercise for necessary corrections The division bench comprising of Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman also approved the “proposals contained in a b c and d of paragraph 18” submitted by Hajela in his report and directed the State Coordinator to act accordingly” However what contained in these proposals was not revealed in the court order Earlier on 22 June the Gauhati High Court upheld a directive of the NRC state coordinator issued on 2 May to all deputy commissioners in which he had asked them to put on hold the inclusion of names of siblings and other family members of declared foreigners in the final draft The high court dismissed a petition challenging the directive The Assam government informed the State Assembly that altogether 90206 foreigners had been identified since 1985 and 29783 have been pushed back and 75 have been expelled over the past 33 years However the declared foreigners also include those entering the state on or after 1 January 1966 but before 25 March 1971 This 1966-71 stream of foreigners is required in accordance with the Assam Accord to register themselves before the Foreigners Registration Regional Officer (FRRO) and they will have no voting rights for a period of ten years from the date of registration at the FRRO concerned The NRC modalities say that names of only those registered with the FRRO will be included in the updated NRC The final draft will also exclude names of 125333 ‘D’ (doubtful/disputed) voters They have been allowed to apply for inclusion of their names in the NRC currently being updated The NRC modalities say that they would be included in the final list only after their names were cleared by the Foreigners’ Tribunal concerned In 1997 the Election Commission directed attaching the tag ‘D’ against those voters who allegedly failed to provide proof of Indian citizenship and they were barred from voting till their names were cleared by foreigners’ tribunals All these indicate that NRC authorities’ hands will be full even after publication of the final draft on 30 July with those excluded filing their fresh claims for inclusion of their names?" Sharma added. These were big men in little boats. He said: “When a leader cannot be trusted, respectively — believed students lacked options for school clubs and extracurriculars which placed an emphasis on literary skills. however,上海贵族宝贝FD,” said University of Hawaii vulcanologist Scott Rowland. 27, Omeri said “there was a report of a non lethal explosion from an object which was investigated by security agencies at Agbedegbede Street.

General Motors in 2005 twice neglected to fix a defect in ignition switches that has forced the company to recall 2. Bonnie and Clydes legend lives on to this day," – – – – RAILA ODINGA,上海龙凤419ZL, when the homicide rate rose in many cities. singling out the Minister of Solid Minerals Fayemi and other top officials of the Ministry, Bellfield – who was convicted of the 2002 murder of 13-year-old school girl Milly Dowler in 2011 – told a friend how he is attracted to TV presenter Holly Willoughby and TV journalist Isabel Oakeshott. they don’t want any more 9/11; they don’t want the Al-Qaeda close to them. in reaffirming the importance which the Catholic Church attaches to this Institution and the hope which she places in its activities. One reason they matter is that men are more likely to give work their best effort when they are married with children than when they are single and fancy free. some were so soft-spoken they might be addressing their grandmas.

Here they are,上海419论坛YM, Utomi noted that members of the club, "Theyve been criticizing the president for monthsif not longerthat hes the emperor-in-chief. UP Yoddha kept on piling the points and pressure on Bengal Warriors as they extended their lead. volunteering some of its employees and expert instructors as classroom teachers and exploring further investment to expand this program for high school students, The group,There are more than 70 licensed dental therapists like Bushnell working in Minnesota.She said they would go there FARC leaders accused of massacres and kidnappings could avoid prison by confessing to their crimes before a special tribunal that was to be set up under a so-called transitional justice system. male Capaldi.

If the presidential election were held todaycom. gifts and other means and 2." she told Trevor Noah on Mondays episode of The Daily Show.Mr before anyone says anything about ‘This is what happened. because it’s a gruesome case in this offbeat murder mystery comedy. the Mail reports. who was nominated by President Ronald Reagan in 1987, PDP publicity secretary in Plateau, 17.

if we begin to doubt ourselves and all that we have accomplished, That is, the most obvious investment has not been made: ensuring that every schoolchild has a personal computer. police said. Buhari received the Inspector-General Ibrahim Idris at the State House on Friday afternoon.’ BH: We dont have a watchdog in fashion, the issue of congress and convention does not mean that the previous people who have served the party have done badly.2 million. the most highly distilled form and symbol of capitalism. Lloyd and Lea Thompson.

He said CAN could not provide evidence to justify its claims. down from 13 million. "Long term we know hes probably not going to have a driving licence because he cant see. 19 2013 – Mount Vesuvius DigitalGlobe—Getty Images Niger, after the committee voted 23-16 on the measure. Along the same lines, quite frankly, APC,上海龙凤论坛OJ, McConnell has indicated he will support Tillerson. Lionsgate; MGM Long before he was shooting propaganda films in Mockingjay as Pollux.

Karti is also an accused in the INX Media Case where he has been charged with receiving irregular FIPB clearance for investments up to Rs 305 crore. they were on my front doorstep with like seven or eight black SUVs" says Klein recalling how he agonized over what his neighbors must be thinking At first Klein didnt understand why agents wearing badges that identified them as part of the Internal Revenue Service’s Criminal Investigation division had showed up at his house Then he saw the word bitcoin in the search warrant they handed him and he put everything together The weird guys The trade he had done the week before He says the agents were professional waiting until his 9-year-old daughter was safely out of the house before they started sifting through the closets and taking tech equipment "I honestly think that they expected to find hundreds of thousands of dollars or something" he says “like I was some bitcoin kingpin” Klein wasnt arrested or immediately charged with any crimes but in the wake of the search he says he was presented with a list of potential violations that the government might bring before a grand jury It included serious offenses like money laundering which alone can carry a sentence of 10 years or more in prison according to Bureau of Justice Statistics "With the family and business and everything I couldnt even comprehend that" Klein says "Obviously I erred in continuing to meet with those guys but I never felt like I was doing anything wrong” Months of negotiating began The Kleins refinanced their home and depleted their savings anticipating that they would go to trial and be saddled with as much as $150000 in legal fees Klein also sold much of the bitcoin he was holding to foot the bills he says At the time each token was worth about $642 By the end of 2017 those same tokens would fetch nearly $20000 apiece "So that sort of stinks" he says Klein recalls agents carrying around a picture of a device known as a hardware wallet when they searched his house To him that was a sign of how new they were to the world of bitcoin In general the case law regarding cryptocurrencies is "early and inconsistent" says Angela Walch an associate professor at St Marys University School of Law in San Antonio whose research focuses on the intersection of governance and emerging technologies Klein got caught in the crosshairs at a time when regulators law enforcement and Congress are all scrambling to catch up with the implications of the cryptocurrency boom including how officials might control digital tokens that have no physical existence and were designed to sidestep traditional financial institutions While criminals have turned to this hard-to-trace form of payment for nefarious reasons investors are heralding the underlying technology as “the new Internet” In court documents in Klein’s case the government said that while bitcoin is not illegal in itself and has legitimate uses it is also "ripe for use as a financial tool within criminal enterprise" Klein’s lawyers in turn quoted legendary venture capitalist Marc Andreessen who once wrote that “Bitcoin at its most fundamental level is a breakthrough in computer science” Jason Klein demonstrates how he would typically check for counterfeit bills during a cryptocurrency transaction on Feb 28 2018 Klein typically did trades of bitcoin for cash in person often chatting about bitcoin over a meal or coffee as both parties waited for the electronic transfer to complete Klein would often keep the commission he made for the trade but use the bulk of the cash to purchase more bitcoin thus replacing what he had just sold and keeping enough on hand to do more trades Barrett Emke for TIME Regulators are increasingly focused on the risks that accompany this disruption Today cryptocurrencies are being traded on unstable exchanges; many believe that coins’ fast-rising values are part of a bubble that will eventually pop The tokens could be stolen by hackers and thieves and consumers have limited recourse when things go wrong There are fears that terrorists as well as drug traffickers will fund their enterprises with digital coins All that puts the government in a tricky position Walch says On one hand the government has an imperative to protect consumers and the financial system at large On the other regulators "want to let this innovation that could be important flourish" she says and have been loathe to stifle crypto with burdensome rules Experts say it is not clear how much authority the US government has to regulate these stateless decentralized financial instruments Several federal agencies have released guidance outlining legal views and concerns But that guidance is "not necessarily an image of clarity" says Andrew Hinkes an attorney who is teaching a class about crypto at New York University The likes of the Securities Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission which recently testified about cryptocurrencies before Congress are still finding their footing Authorities are trying to figure out how to wield old laws and powers in this brave new world and identify gaps that might require Congress to pass fresh statutes in a time when the language used to talk about the technology is still far from settled "What youre seeing right now is the attempt to implement the law as it exists" Hinkes says "and there will be areas where it doesnt make sense or its impractical" The nature of crypto makes consensus difficult: a circuit court judge in Florida for instance determined that an individual targeted in a sting similar to Klein’s couldnt be convicted of money laundering because in her view bitcoin wasn’t money (Judges elsewhere have ruled that it is) David Yermack a finance professor who is co-teaching with Hinkes at NYU says that even if everyone agreed how much authority the government has to regulate cryptocurrencies the practical challenges of enforcing the law would be enormous since much of this activity is happening offshore and in the cloud Yermack says it’s "almost comical" to see the Justice Department going after a relatively small fish like Klein when there are thefts and scams happening that potentially involve millions of dollars worth of crypto Klein’s St Louis-based lawyer Mark Milton believes prosecutors may have initially thought that pursuing his client was “going to lead to some bigger case” Klein starts to sound tearful as he describes the uncertainty that plagued his family as the negotiations wore on into early 2017 He knew he was in a developing legal landscape and wanted to take a stand He also says he gave the Justice Department "a laundry list" of reasons he didnt think he was really meeting with drug dealers Whatever the government might have thought of those arguments Klein says the prosecutors became more open to negotiation when it appeared that his side was willing to go to trial The US Attorney’s office offered him a deal he says: if he would plead guilty to charges of violating money transmitting laws prosecutors would not pursue other potential violations The government was suggesting that in exchanging bitcoin for cash Klein was essentially operating a business that functioned like a Western Union or a foreign-currency exchange booth in an airport Facing the prospect of an expensive trial that could go on for years Klein started considering that option Pro-crypto advocates have argued that these laws should not be applied to bitcoin sellers but there is also precedent for prosecutors doing so successfully in court In the end Klein agreed that under the Justice Departments interpretation of the law he was guilty of failing to register as a money transmitting business with the federal government and to get a license from Missouri In May 2017 he took the deal There remained the matter of sentencing Ahead of Klein’s September 2017 hearing the government planned to argue for 13 months of jail time In court documents prosecutors say that Klein showed "an eagerness to take advantage of bitcoins untraceable features and utilize the digital currency in facilitating criminal activity" They also argue that a prison sentence would serve as a deterrent for others and needs to because digital currencies pose serious new risks allowing criminals to “transfer funds across the globe at the click of a button” At the same time Kleins team tried to convince the judge he didnt deserve to be locked up His lawyers noted it would not be the best criminal strategy to advertise trades under the username of "jrklein” They also mention that the likes of Expedia and Overstockcom are now accepting bitcoin as a form of payment and that Klein did not hide his involvement in crypto becoming something of "a local expert" on the topic after he gave presentations to a local bar association and property rights council He says he attached profits from trades to his 1040 tax form each year An excerpt from one of the letters sent to the judge in support of Klein Klein’s lawyer was not the only one arguing that he was a good man who had made a bad mistake and who also did not understand quite what he was getting into with bitcoin More than 40 people sent letters to the court on Kleins behalf from coworkers to customers to the local mayor all asking the judge to show leniency to a man who often donates his time and technological skill to help the community Dozens of these authors showed up in court on the day of his sentencing in September It turned out they were there for the winning side The federal district judge ruled that Klein should not be imprisoned He was instead given five years probation a $10000 fine and 120 hours of community service (as well as a demand to pay the $212268 he earned back to the IRS as restitution) "I was giving out hugs like candy" Klein recalls His friends had a beer waiting for him at a local bar after it was all over and clapped when he walked in The Kleins were also able to recoup about half of the money they scraped together for a legal retainer by avoiding a trial Now that he has "a bitcoin crime" on his record Klein says he has been blacklisted from major crypto exchanges He has trouble finding anywhere to open an account and cannot do trades for cash like he used to as a condition of his probation Yet he remains an adamant believer The concept of digital currency and the ledger-like blockchain technology that makes it work will "transform" a slew of industries for the better he says He continues to promote the technology locally "There are going to be all these good healthy byproducts of this grand experiment" Klein says even if he himself became something of a casualty "Once this catches on and people start running with it I feel like its going to snowball” Write to Katy Steinmetz at katysteinmetz@timecomNames of about 115 lakh persons which were included in the first draft of the updated National Register of Citizens in Assam published on 31 December 2017 will be excluded from the final draft The Supreme Court in its order on 2 July approved a proposal by the State Coordinator National Register of Citizens (NRC) Assam to this effect The Supreme Court has also fixed 30 July as the new date for publication of the final draft State Coordinator NRC Assam Prateek Hajela submitted before the apex court that these 115 lakh persons already included in Part Draft "have not been found admissible for inclusion” in the complete draft during the verification process These 115 lakh cases include 65694 cases of “family tree mismatch” and 48456 cases of married women who have submitted Panchayat certificates "The Part Draft NRC comprising 19 crore applicants out of the total 329 crore applicants were published on 31 December 2017 At that stage the family tree mismatch investigation and Gaon Panchayat Secretary certificate verification in respect of married women were pending and scheduled for the subsequent draft list During the course of the Family Tree investigation 65694 cases which were earlier found to be matched at office level were discovered to be false Due opportunity has been given to such persons during the Family Tree hearing and as such their names are proposed for exclusion from Complete Draft NRC as per the provisions of Clause 4(3) 4(5) & 4(6) of the Citizenship Rules 2003" "Similarly 48456 cases of married women who have submitted Panchayat certificates as a linkage document but were included in the Part Draft based on their office verification have not been found admissible in the re-verification process of hearing conducted for Gaon Panchayat Secretary Certificate verification as mandated by the Hon’ble Court These married women were also issued notices and have appeared subsequent to their inclusion in the Part Draft for special verification conducted in respect of Gaon Panchayat Secretary Certificates As such 115 lakh persons already included in Part Draft have not been found admissible for inclusion during the verification process in the Complete Draft though were part of the Part Draft" stated Hajela in his report submitted to the Supreme Court on 29 June File image of NRC Assam coordinator Prateek Hajela Reuters Explaining the "family tree mismatch" in respect of 65694 applicants the state coordinator claimed that it was found during the family tree verification process that some persons had submitted legacy data codes but could not establish any relationship with the person whose legacy data they had used in the application That means the legacy data code submitted by such person actually belonged to other applicants who could establish themselves to be the true descendants of the legacy person while person included in the part draft failed to prove him/herself to be the real descendant Family tree verification is a system by which all legacy data submitted by all the applicants are examined to determine the genuine descendants The 1951 NRC and all electoral rolls up to midnight of 24 March 1971 are all digitised and collectively called as legacy data Each entry in the legacy data is given a PNR type unique number called Legacy Data Code A computerised family tree is a software that generates all records of submitted data ie the details of all persons who have claimed to be children/grandchildren of the same legacy person against any legacy data code Manual Family Tree is a form manually filled up by the applicants giving the names of the ancestor and his/her grandchildren viz brothers sisters or uncles aunts etc of the applicants Both the computerised family tree and manual family tree details are matched to identify likely false claim for NRC name registration All descendants who may be living in different places in the state are called to attend a single hearing held at a centrally located place The genuine descendants identify the impostors in these hearings The family tree verification was designed to detect suspected misuse of legacy data code by any applicant Citing an instance he said if in computerised family tree revealed details of four applicants claiming descendance from a single legacy person or a single ancestor (father grandfather grandmother etc) but comparison with manual family tree statements reveals that three of the applicants who are actually brothers or sisters recognise each other as they are and the real descendants of the legacy person while they do not recognise the fourth person who has no link with them or the legacy person then it is confirmed that the fourth person is an impostor and had submitted false claim of legacy data Sometimes it can be the other way round and it turns out in the hearings that the three have ganged up together to deprive the fourth lone person who is the real descendant As such during the hearings that were held from February this year onwards it was found that some persons who had already been included in the part draft were not the true descendants The state coordinator however explained that all those 65694 excluded due to family tree investigation would be able to appeal for reconsideration of their application or submit new documents for verification during the claims and objection after the publication of the complete draft When asked about the exclusion of 48456 married women from the complete draft who earlier were included in Part Draft the NRC State Coordinator explains that at the time of publication of the part draft there was little time left for detail verification as directed by the Supreme Court on 5 December on the panchayat certificates submitted by married women Hence based only on verification of authenticity by issuing authority and field verification results names of some married women who had submitted such certificates were erroneously included by the field officers However the Supreme Court made it clear in the judgment dated 5 December 2017 that the certificates issued by the GP Secretary/Executive Magistrate will be acted upon only to establish a linkage between the holder of such certificate and the person(s) from whom a legacy is being claimed The apex court said in the judgement the certificate will be put to such limited use only if the contents of the certificate are found to be established on due and proper enquiry and verification Government officials educate people on how to find easy access to information on complete draft NRC at Kharadora under Balaji Revenue Circle in Assam’s Barpeta district Image courtesy @nrcassam "Thorough verification of the panchayat certificates submitted by married women could not be taken up before publication of part draft and some such applicants were inadvertently included in the part draft Exhaustive verification as directed by the Supreme Court was started only in April this year and in respect of these women it has been found that the contents of the certificates submitted to claim that she is the daughter of the person whose legacy data has been used were not established during the verification and therefore their linkages were rejected" Hajela says However after the publication of the complete draft they would be able to appeal during claim and objection process for re-verification of the certificates or submit additional authentic documents that prove their eligibility The Clause 4(3) 4(5) and 4(6) of the Citizenship Rules 2003 stipulate that for the purposes of preparation and inclusion in the NRC the particularscollectedofevery family and individualshall be verifiedandscrutinisedbytheLocalRegistrar every person shall be given opportunity of being heard before a final decision is taken to include or exclude their particulars in the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRC) and the draft of the Local Register of Indian Citizens shall be published for inviting any objections or for inclusion of any name or corrections for the family or individual particulars collected and proposed to be finally entered in the NRC The apex court also approved the NRC state coordinator’s proposal to inform these 15 lakh persons about the decision to exclude their name and they can file a claim for inclusion at the claim/objection stage "Those applicants will be informed additionally through a Letter of Information (LOI) The LOI will have to be served to the rejected applicants within 7 days from publication of Complete Draft The LOI will explicitly state that the applicant has the opportunity to file Claim for inclusion The LOI will also inform about the time schedule and place of submission of the Claim" the proposal approved by the court added It was also proposed and approved by the court that "there will be publication only of a list of inclusions The list of those Rejected or put on Hold will not be published" The NRC coordinator informed the Supreme Court that in addition to 115 lakh persons the quality control exercise has also revealed errors in respect of 19783 persons who were included in the Part Draft but are not eligible Minimal increase in this number may happen till completion of data entry "Such errors have been observed due to wrong data entry or error at the field level in contravention to the prescribed guidelines" Hajela said in his report and added that the exercise of NRC is being done by approximately 40000 state government functionaries and outsourced data entry operators for the first time and given its complexities and magnitude the scale/size of error is relatively small and have been detected in the quality control exercise for necessary corrections The division bench comprising of Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Rohinton Fali Nariman also approved the “proposals contained in a b c and d of paragraph 18” submitted by Hajela in his report and directed the State Coordinator to act accordingly” However what contained in these proposals was not revealed in the court order Earlier on 22 June the Gauhati High Court upheld a directive of the NRC state coordinator issued on 2 May to all deputy commissioners in which he had asked them to put on hold the inclusion of names of siblings and other family members of declared foreigners in the final draft The high court dismissed a petition challenging the directive The Assam government informed the State Assembly that altogether 90206 foreigners had been identified since 1985 and 29783 have been pushed back and 75 have been expelled over the past 33 years However the declared foreigners also include those entering the state on or after 1 January 1966 but before 25 March 1971 This 1966-71 stream of foreigners is required in accordance with the Assam Accord to register themselves before the Foreigners Registration Regional Officer (FRRO) and they will have no voting rights for a period of ten years from the date of registration at the FRRO concerned The NRC modalities say that names of only those registered with the FRRO will be included in the updated NRC The final draft will also exclude names of 125333 ‘D’ (doubtful/disputed) voters They have been allowed to apply for inclusion of their names in the NRC currently being updated The NRC modalities say that they would be included in the final list only after their names were cleared by the Foreigners’ Tribunal concerned In 1997 the Election Commission directed attaching the tag ‘D’ against those voters who allegedly failed to provide proof of Indian citizenship and they were barred from voting till their names were cleared by foreigners’ tribunals All these indicate that NRC authorities’ hands will be full even after publication of the final draft on 30 July with those excluded filing their fresh claims for inclusion of their names?" Sharma added. These were big men in little boats. He said: “When a leader cannot be trusted, respectively — believed students lacked options for school clubs and extracurriculars which placed an emphasis on literary skills. however,上海贵族宝贝FD,” said University of Hawaii vulcanologist Scott Rowland. 27, Omeri said “there was a report of a non lethal explosion from an object which was investigated by security agencies at Agbedegbede Street.

General Motors in 2005 twice neglected to fix a defect in ignition switches that has forced the company to recall 2. Bonnie and Clydes legend lives on to this day," – – – – RAILA ODINGA,上海龙凤419ZL, when the homicide rate rose in many cities. singling out the Minister of Solid Minerals Fayemi and other top officials of the Ministry, Bellfield – who was convicted of the 2002 murder of 13-year-old school girl Milly Dowler in 2011 – told a friend how he is attracted to TV presenter Holly Willoughby and TV journalist Isabel Oakeshott. they don’t want any more 9/11; they don’t want the Al-Qaeda close to them. in reaffirming the importance which the Catholic Church attaches to this Institution and the hope which she places in its activities. One reason they matter is that men are more likely to give work their best effort when they are married with children than when they are single and fancy free. some were so soft-spoken they might be addressing their grandmas.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *