Natural Resources Minister Raphael Trotman on Friday said that Government’s fast tracking of oil production in 2020 is “inextricably linked” with the 55-year-old border controversy with neighbouring Venezuela. He explained that this was neither coincidence nor happenstance.Delivering a presentation at the inaugural Guyana Oil and Gas Law Training Development Conference, the Natural Resources Minister said pushing for first oil in 2020 is a strategic move against the claims by the western neighbour over waters offshore Guyana that are being explored for oil by US oil giant ExxonMobil.The Nicholas Maduro Government had issued a decree late May 2015, claiming most of Guyana’s territorial waters, including the location where the Liza Field is — some 120 miles off Clonbrook-Mahaica. This claim was relayed weeks after Exxon had announced the discovery of oil in commercial quantities.Natural Resources Minister Raphael TrotmanThat decree was subsequently withdrawn after its delineation found itself extending into the Surinamese and Barbadian waters. But according to Minister Trotman, the intension of the neighbouring country was made clear, and so the Coalition Administration had to take actions that would cement its sovereignty over the territory.Against this backdrop, the Natural Resources Minister outlined, it was imperative that Government anchor a company to explore and ultimately produce oil, hence it opted only to “tweak” the 1999 Production Sharing Agreement and fast track oil production, instead of having re-negotiated better benefits, which may have driven away the company.A section of the gathering at the first Oil and Gas Law Conference being held at the Ramada Princess Hotel“Because of the withdrawing of the lines by Venezuela, it was important for Guyana to move production as quickly as possible so that we can assert when we got to Court that production was taking place within the territorial waters of Guyana. That would become an indisputable fact before a Court of Law,” said Minister Trotman.Trotman, a lawyer by profession, went on to argue that if no production is taking place, the location of the well would become a matter for dispute.“So getting to production was strategic, because it had to do with sovereignty,” he asserted.After years of mediation, the United Nations Secretary-General in January announced that the border controversy between the two neighbouring States would be sent to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for resolution, a decision which the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela has not accepted.In the meantime, ExxonMobil is continuing to meet success in its exploration, making its seventh discovery of “high quality” commercial oil offshore Guyana last month. According to the company, this will help bring Guyana’s production to more than 500,000 barrels per day.To this end, the Natural Resources Minister told the gathering of members from the local legal fraternity on Friday that preparations are already underway to commence oil production in 2020.The two-day conference, organised by the Judiciary and the Guyana Bar Association, saw the attendance of judges, magistrates and attorneys-at-law from around the country, who will be “Exploring the legal framework in oil and gas law”.This event has been dubbed as timely, given the emergence of a local oil and gas sector. In fact, President of the Bar Association, Kamal Ramkarran, noted that the hosting of the conference is the first step that the local legal profession is taking to better understand and learn the legal aspect of the emerging oil and gas industry.“It is our duty to know and understand as much as we can…on what the law is and what it should be. Enhancing our knowledge of how things have worked or not worked elsewhere can only lead to us ensuring that things do work to bring the greatest benefit possible of our natural resources to Guyana and its citizens,” Ramkarran remarked.Meanwhile, acting Chancellor, Justice Yonette Cummings-Edwards, in brief remarks, posited that the legal profession must be proactive in embracing the oil and gas industry.“We, the Bar and Bench, have seen that vision; we’ve seen the need to sharpen our legal skills using the powerful weapon of education… There are various learning theories which provide that conceptual framework to describe how knowledge is absorbed, how it is processed, how it is retained, and how it obtained. But for us, in the legal fraternity, learning is continuous, and we know the benefits of continuing legal education,” she stated.Among the presenters from around the region during the two-day conference was Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Law, UWI St Augustine Campus, Alicia Elias-Roberts. The Guyana-born legal luminary, who has pioneer legal education in oil and gas in the region, is leading the training, which she said is not only timely but relevant to what is currently obtaining in Guyana.“I’ll endeavour over the course of the two days to deliver training based upon my experience…to lay the foundation during this conference about lessons learnt from other hydrocarbon economies, so the agenda is truly aligned to many of the issues facing the energy sector in Guyana…“I cannot overemphasise the long-term implications that our discussions here will have on the future of the energy sector and the economy,” she noted.Elias-Roberts will be assisted during the conference by Senior State Counsel of the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries in Trinidad and Tobago, Indranie Rampaul-Cheddi.
The Pakistan cricket team will be provided strong security but if ex-servicemen protest against the India-Pakistan ICC World Twenty20 match in Dharamshala on March 19, they would not be stopped.According to reports yesterday, the Himachal Pradesh chief minister Virbhadra Singh had apparently told the Pakistan security team that their cricket team would not be provided any security for the high-profile match. But that, as it turns out now, is not true.Ex-servicemen have already started protesting against the match. Protest in Dharamsala (Himachal Pradesh) ahead of India-Pakistan ICC #WT20 match. pic.twitter.com/47ucEUHu5G ANI (@ANI_news) March 8, 2016Singh insisted that the state government is competent enough to provide security to the visiting Pakistan team. The seasoned politician had kicked up a storm a few days back when he said that he would not be able to give any security to the Pakistani cricketers.But Singh remained adamant that the state would not use any force on the martyrs’ families if they did protest during the India-Pakistan match. Families of four martyrs have already slammed the state government for agreeing to host the match between the two-subcontinental giants.A two-member security team from Pakistan arrived at the Attari border post of India yesterday and headed for Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh to review security arrangements for the match.The team, comprising the director of the Federal Investigation Agency and a Pakistan Cricket Board member, crossed the Wagah-Attari joint checkpost (JCP) between both countries on foot before heading for Dharamsala, nearly 235 km from Attari.advertisementThe Pakistan security team was joined by a Pakistani High Commission official in New Delhi and reviewed security arrangements for the Dharamsala match.The visit of the Pakistan cricket team is being opposed by ex-servicemen and families of martyrs from Himachal Pradesh. They say they will not allow Pakistan to play the match at Dharamsala as the neighbouring country was responsible for repeated terror attacks in India in which many soldiers have sacrificed their lives.
The Independent Sport Panel is undertaking a number of Community Sport Forums (13) in Metropolitan and regional Centres across Australia March – May. These Community Forum offer a unique opportunity for those involved in Community Sport to meet with Members of the Panel and raise issues of concern in regards to grassroots sport participation. Panel Members will also be able to provide information on the activities of the Panel to date. These sessions are designed to provide the community with an opportunity to highlight and raise with the Panel issues that they see as important in relation to grassroots sport in Australia. In order to maximise the opportunities that these Public Forums offer it will be important that these discussions remained focussed on issues based on the Terms of Reference. Attached for your distribution to your networks is a PDF version of the Community Sport Flyer. Related Filesindependent_sport_flyer_v5-pdf
COLUMBUS, OH – SEPTEMBER 12: Braxton Miller #1 of the Ohio State Buckeyes talks with Head Coach Urban Meyer of the Ohio State Buckeyes after their game against the Hawaii Rainbow Warriors at Ohio Stadium on September 12, 2015 in Columbus, Ohio. Ohio State defeated Hawaii 38-0. (Photo by Jamie Sabau/Getty Images) Twitter/@Kevin_NoonLast night, Sports Illustrated‘s Pete Thamel broke the news that Ohio State’s Braxton Miller would be switching positions to wide receiver/h-back for the upcoming season. That report has since been walked back by Buckeyes head coach Urban Meyer, who said he “hasn’t made those decisions” at this point. Kevin Miller, the father of the two-time Big Ten player of the year, agrees with Meyer’s take. He spoke with The Columbus Dispatch about his son’s potential position switch.“That’s what he wants to do,” the older Miller said of Braxton playing quarterback. “But being a competitor and a team player, if he doesn’t feel that he’s ready for quarterback because of the shoulder, he’s open to doing whatever it takes to get on the field and help the team.”As for playing receiver, Kevin Miller said, “That’s not his plan, but if it comes down to that, he’s already been putting in work. You don’t want to wait until the last minute.”Right now, we know that Miller is discussing the possibility of playing at another position, and is putting in some work at the wide receiver/h-back role. It is still up in the air as to whether or not that becomes a permanent change, but it doesn’t sound like Miller is going to spend his final college season on the sideline, one way or another,[Columbus Dispatch]
Mumbai: Mumbai has been witnessing heavy rainfall since Friday which has caused waterlogging in several parts of the city and suburbs. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) has issued an orange alert in the city, which signifies that authorities should be alert and ready to prepare for a severe situation. At least 700 passengers of Mahalaxmi Express, which runs between Mumbai and Kolhapur, have been stranded between Badlapur and Wangani railway stations since this morning. The Indian Air Force (IAF) has deployed a chopper, while the National Disaster Rescue Force (NDRF) has sent eight boats to conduct rescue operations. Over the last 24 hours, Mumbai’s adjoining areas have recorded very heavy rainfall. Thane received 160 mm rainfall, Kalyan recorded 231 mm, Murbad and Karjat recorded 332 and 300 mm respectively. In Ulhasnagar, Ambernath, Bhiwandi and Shahpur, rainfall received was 296 mm, 280 mm, 185 mm and 195 mm respectively.(With inputs from Indian Express)
APTN National NewsThe election for national chief looks a lot different than the last one.Half of the eight candidates were women then.No women threw their names in the hat this time.APTN’s Trina Roache takes a look at why.
“So help us to help you by only coming to the Emergency Department with serious and urgent conditions.“Please think carefully about what service is best for you.”TRUST: KEEP EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS FOR EMERGENCIES ONLY was last modified: February 12th, 2018 by John2John2 Tags: ShareTweet THE Western Trust has urged the public to keep the emergency department at Altnagelvin Hospital as it faces another winter pressure on beds and resources.In a statement, the Trust said: “Our Emergency Departments are busy today.“We want to treat everyone as quickly and safely as possible. ALTNAGELVIN HOSPITALhealthTRUST: KEEP EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS FOR EMERGENCIES ONLYWESTERN TRUST
Source:http://www.unimedizin-mainz.de/presse/press-releases/press-releases/newsdetail/article/individual-stress-susceptibility-and-glucose-metabolism-are-linked-to-brain-function.html Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Oct 24 2018Chronic stress is a well-known risk factor for the development of psychiatric illnesses including depression disorders. The brain requires a great deal of glucose, and stress is known to alter glucose metabolism. However, if stress-associated mental impairments are linked to affected glucose metabolism remains to be seen. Researchers at the Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy at the Mainz University Medical Center and the German Resilience Center (DRZ) in Mainz have now discovered that stress-induced mental disturbances in mice are directly linked to abnormal glucose metabolism. Normalizing the stress-induced alterations in glucose levels, using the anti-diabetic drug empagliflozin, restored spatial memory as well as long-term glucose metabolism. The results have been published recently in the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The human brain needs a huge amount of energy to function, about ten times more than all other parts of the body. These energy demands make the brain very sensitive to changes in energy supply. Glucose uptake from the blood is very important in this process. Why does chronic stress lead to psychiatric disorders in some people (susceptible) while others, who experience similar life events, remain healthy (resilient)? Does chronic stress lead to stress-dependent changes in glucose metabolism? And are stress, glucose metabolism, and psychiatric alterations directly linked? These questions are being addressed by researchers in the Translational Psychiatry lab of Professor Marianne Müller at the University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) together with collaboration partners.In the study presented here, researchers have investigated long-term changes in glucose metabolism in an animal model for chronic social stress. Stress disrupted glucose levels and its metabolism in the periphery as well as in the brain. These defects led to spatial memory impairments. Stressed animals displayed increased blood glucose levels that developed early after stress, and the brain was hyperglycemic while showing reduced glucose uptake. To investigate whether the high glucose levels after stress are harmful, researchers made use of the anti-diabetic medication empagliflozin. Addition of empagliflozin to the normal food stimulated glucose excretion through the urine, which normalized the stress-induced hyperglycemia.Related StoriesNew therapy shows promise in preventing brain damage after traumatic brain injuryResearchers measure EEG-based brain responses for non-speech and speech sounds in childrenMercy Medical Center adds O-arm imaging system to improve spinal surgery results”However, not all animals responded the same,” said Tanja Jene, PhD student and co-first author on the work. “Within the stressed population clear subgroups could be distinguished, i.e., those that increased glucose levels after stress whereas others kept normal glucose levels.” Interestingly, only stressed individuals with high glucose levels after stress developed cognitive impairments (susceptible). High glucose stressed animals also benefited strongly from empagliflozin treatment as spatial memory was normalized as well as long-term glucose metabolism. However, for stressed animals that kept normal glucose levels (resilient), empagliflozin impaired their – otherwise intact – spatial memory.”Our results demonstrate that chronic stress can impair spatial memory through alterations in glucose levels and that intact glucose metabolism is pivotal for memory-related processes,” explained Dr. Michael van der Kooij, who designed the study in the Mainz-based Translational Psychiatry lab. “Furthermore, the findings highlight the importance of individuality since all subjects experienced the same stress, but only a proportion was susceptible as these developed disturbances at the levels of glucose metabolism and, hence, cognitive impairments. The fact that stress-susceptibility or resilience could be predicted early after stress by measuring blood glucose levels fuels the belief that perhaps in humans with stress-related disorders, such as depression, abnormal glucose metabolism may also play a major role and that the classification strategies as employed in the current study could enhance treatment efficacy.”
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 15 2019Most non-traumatic fatalities among high school and college football athletes do not occur while playing the game of football, but rather during conditioning sessions which are often associated with overexertion or punishment drills required by coaches and team staff, according to research presented today at the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine Annual Meeting. The research was presented by Dr. Barry P. Boden of The Orthopaedic Center, Rockville, Md.Football is associated with the highest number of fatalities of any high school or college sport, but the number of traumatic injuries incurred while playing football have declined significantly since the 1960s.However, the annual number of non-traumatic fatalities has stayed constant with current rates that are two to three times higher than traumatic fatalities.Related StoriesRetina can restructure itself following gene therapySlug serves as ‘command central’ for determining breast stem cell healthAlternate cell growth pathway could open door to new treatments for metastatic cancersHeat and sickle cell trait fatality rates were compared pre- and post-implementation of the NCAA football acclimatization model in 2003 and sickle cell screening policies implemented in 2010, respectively.Boden and his team reviewed 187 non-traumatic football fatalities that occurred between 1998 and 2018. The researchers obtained information from extensive internet searches, as well as depositions, investigations, autopsies, media and freedom of information reports.Of the 187 fatalities, more than half (52 percent) were due to cardiac issues; 24 percent were caused by heat; and five percent from asthma.”The majority of deaths occurred outside of the regular season months of September through December, with the most common month for fatalities being August,” Boden reported.Boden said many of the fatalities had three issues in common: the conditioning sessions were supervised by the football coach or strength and conditioning coach; irrationally intense workouts and/or punishment drills were scheduled; and an inadequate medical response was implemented.The average annual rate of heat-related fatalities remained unchanged at the collegiate level pre- and post-implementation of the NCAA football acclimatization model in 2003. The average annual number of sickle cell trait deaths in collegiate football declined 58 percent after the 2010 NCAA sickle cell screening policies were implemented. At the high school level, where there are no sickle cell guidelines, the number of sickle cell fatalities increased 400 percent since 2010.The football acclimatization model implemented by the NCAA in 2003 has failed at reducing exertional heat-related fatalities at the collegiate level. Sickle cell trait screening policies adopted by the NCAA in 2010 have been effective at reducing fatalities in college athletes and similar guidelines should be mandated at the high school level.”Conditioning-related fatalities are preventable by establishing standards in workout design, holding coaches and strength and conditioning coaches accountable, ensuring compliance with current policies, and allowing athletic health care providers complete authority over medical decisions,” Boden reported. Source:American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine
The civil charges filed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development could cost the social network millions of dollars in penalties. But more than that, they strike at the heart of Facebook’s business model—its vaunted ability to deliver ads with surgical precision to certain groups of people and not others.”Facebook is discriminating against people based upon who they are and where they live,” HUD Secretary Ben Carson said. “Using a computer to limit a person’s housing choices can be just as discriminatory as slamming a door in someone’s face.”In a statement, Facebook expressed surprise over the charges, saying it has been working with HUD to address its concerns and has taken steps to prevent discrimination, including eliminating thousands of ad-targeting options last year that could be misused by advertisers.Just last week, Facebook agreed to overhaul its targeting system and abandon some of the practices singled out by HUD to prevent discrimination, not just in housing listings but in credit and employment ads as well. The move was part of a settlement with the American Civil Liberties Union and other activists.”We’re disappointed by today’s developments, but we’ll continue working with civil rights experts on these issues,” the company said.The HUD charges were seen as a possible prelude to a wider regulatory crackdown on the digital advertising industry, which is dominated by Facebook and Google. And the case was yet another blow to Facebook, which has come under siege from lawmakers, regulators and activists and is under investigation in the U.S. and Europe over its data and privacy practices.HUD spokesman Brian Sullivan said the agency has reached out to Google and Twitter to “better understand their advertising practices.” But he said neither is currently under investigation. Twitter says it doesn’t allow discriminatory advertising, while Google says its policies prohibit targeting ads based on sensitive categories such as race, ethnicity and religious beliefs.Google, in particular, has ad-targeting options similar to Facebook’s.The technology at the center of the clash with HUD has helped make Facebook rich, with annual revenue of close to $56 billion. Facebook gathers enormous amounts of data on what users read and like and who their friends are, and it uses that information to help advertisers and others direct their messages to exactly the crowd they want to reach. Citation: US charges Facebook with high-tech housing discrimination (2019, March 28) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-accuses-facebook-discrimination-housing-ads.html In this March 29, 2018, file photo, the logo for Facebook appears on screens at the Nasdaq MarketSite in New York’s Times Square. Facebook is facing housing discrimination charges from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, which says its targeted advertising platform violates the Fair Housing Act. HUD claims Facebook’s ad platform was “encouraging, enabling, and causing housing discrimination.” (AP Photo/Richard Drew, File) In this May 16, 2012, file photo, the Facebook logo is displayed on an iPad in Philadelphia. Facebook was charged with discrimination by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development because of its ad-targeting system. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File) HUD said Facebook is allowing advertisers to practice a sort of high-tech form of red-lining by excluding people in entire neighborhoods or ZIP codes from seeing their ads. The company was accused, too, of giving advertisers the option of showing ads only to men or only to women. © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. US regulators target Facebook on discriminatory housing ads Explore further The federal government charged Facebook with high-tech housing discrimination Thursday for allegedly allowing landlords and real estate brokers to systematically exclude groups such as non-Christians, immigrants and minorities from seeing ads for houses and apartments. Facebook also allegedly allowed advertisers to exclude parents; those who are non-American-born; non-Christians; and those interested in Hispanic culture, “deaf culture,” accessibility for the disabled, countries like Honduras or Somalia, or a variety of other topics.The case will be heard by an administration law judge unless HUD or Facebook decides to move it to federal court.”The nature of their business model is advertising and targeted advertising, so that is a slippery slope. That is their business model,” said Dan Ives, an industry analyst with Wedbush Securities. “The government launched this missile and caught many in the industry by surprise.”Ives said the move may mean U.S. regulators are taking broader aim at the digital advertising market. “This is a clear shot across the bow for Facebook and others,” he said.Galen Sherwin of the ACLU likewise warned: “All the online platforms should be paying close attention to these lawsuits and taking a hard look at their own advertising platforms.”Facebook is already under fire for allowing fake Russian accounts to buy ads targeting U.S. users and sow political discord during the 2016 presidential election. The company has also been criticized for allowing organizations to target groups of people identified as “Jew-haters” and Nazi sympathizers.HUD brought an initial complaint against Facebook in August. Facebook said in its statement that it was “eager to find a solution” but that HUD “insisted on access to sensitive information—like user data—without adequate safeguards.”In its settlement with the ACLU and others, Facebook said it will no longer allow housing, employment or credit ads that target people by age, gender or ZIP code. It said it will also limit other targeting options so that these ads don’t exclude people on the basis of race, ethnicity and other legally protected categories, including sexual orientation.”Unless and until HUD can verify that there is an end of the discriminatory practices, we still have a responsibility to the American people,” said Raffi Williams, deputy assistant HUD secretary. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.